English Vocabulary for Things

Kataguru.com – English vocabulary for things is important for language students learn the lexis of language. They need to learn what words mean and how they use them. Whilst this obviously involves giving them the names of things. We should ensure that the students are aware of the vocabulary they need for their level and that they can use the words which they want to use.

Newspaper TV, English Vocabulary for Things

journalist
cartoonist
serial
series
editor
chat show
headline
dubbed
quiz
circulation
cartoon strip
review
documentary
article
caption
classified
channels
leader
action replay
gossip column

Tools, English Vocabulary for Things

hatchet
callipers
mallet
spirit level
hoe
tape measure
pickaxe
oilcan
trowel
hacksaw
awl
fork

Education

pupil
headmistress
public
state
subjects
primary
headmaster
syllabus
boarding
staff
time table
secondary
prep
compulsory
co-educational
terms
curriculum
comprehensive

Outdoor Objects, English Vocabulary for Things

chimney
reservoir
shutters
signpost
fence
railing
drainpipe
well
cobweb
shed
hive
pillar box

Jobs Occupations

jeweller
choreographer
librarian
surgeon
author
taxidermist
composer
courier
accountant
undertaker
copywriter
stuntman
astronomer
editor
psychologist
draughtstan

Signs of the Zodiac

Libra
Taurus
Leo
Pisces
Scorpio
Capricorn
Virgo
Aries
Sagittarius
Gemini
Aquarius
Cancer

Body Internal Organs, English Vocabulary for Things

diaphragm
gall bladder
rectum
intestines (bowel)
bladder
windpipe (trachea)
gullet (esophagus)
liver
heart
lungs
kidneys
stomach

Words Beginning with in

inhale
inanimate
incorrect
inferior
ingredients
innocent
invalid
invent
insect
inaudible
inch
inflate
income
incredible
indestructible
indicate
industrious
infant
instruct
insurance

Indoor Objects and Things, English Vocabulary for Things

pane
sponge
whisk
frame
spin dryer
towel
tablecloth
magnifying glass
sheet
cot
laundry-basket
quilt

What is it Part of

part thing
stem
trunk
rung
hand
spoke
chassis
trigger
core
cuff
kernel
yolk
bridge
handle
lens
leg
wick
nib
heel
tooth
jacket
flower
tree
ladder
clock
wheel
car
gun
apple
shirt
nut
egg
violin
jug
camera
chair
candle
fountain pen
shoe
comb
book

Insects

fly
mosquito
butterfly
moth
bee
wasp
ant
grasshopper
ladybird
beetle
dragonfly
spider
cricket
caterpillar

Classifications

cities
mammals
adjectives
games
continents
rooms
poultry
stationery
lingerie
make up
luggage
oceans
ships
color
letters
instruments
profession
aircraft
races
drugs

Shapes

triangle
cross
pyramid
square
rectangle
circle
cube
sphere
cylinder
cone
quadratic prism
rhombus
triangular prism

Next, the lists of vocabularies above are the simple things, so that the beginner of the language learners can enrich their vocabularies. Then, they can use by mentioning those vocabularies in daily conversation or activities.

In addition, learning vocabularies is important to understand the next sentences. However, the learners of the language also need to learn the grammar. In learning English, we should be able to differentiate the kind of tenses.

Containers-Receptacles

goblet                                  tea caddy
barrel                                   bread bin
crate                                     filling cabinet
carrier bag                           sheath
satchel                                  cage
rucksack                               keg
wastepaper basket             litter-bin
trunk

The Body – Internal Organs

diaphragm               gall bladder
rectum                      intestines (bowl)
bladder                     windpipe
gullet                         liver
heart                         lungs
kidneys                     stomach

Words Beginning wtih ‘in’

inhale                      inanimate
incorrect                 inferior
ingredients             innocent
invalid                      invent
insect                       inaudible
inch                          inflate
income                     incredible
indestructible          indicate
industrious              infant
instruct                     insurance

Fruits and Vegetables

chestnuts               figs
blackcurrants        asparagus
parsley                   prunes
marrow                  parsnip
onions                    cauliflower
dates                      blackberries
gooseberries         rhubarb
lettuce                    chives
peas                        leek
peach                      almonds

Cars and Motoring

dip your headlight           skid
slip road                            traffic jam
dual carriageway             ignition key
change gear                     driving licence
rush hour                         M.o.T certificate
clutch                                handbrake
lanes                                 foot-brake
cat’s eyes                         overtake
lay-bay                             accelerator
swerve                             flyover
hard shoulder

Name of Building

mansion              hotel
hospital               castle
palace                  penthouse
bungalow            villa
tent

The Language Business

employees                                   market
Managing Director                     wholesaler
Research and Development     agent
export                                          shop steward
quotation                                    consumers
assembly line                             shareholder
profit                                            liquidation
shares

Geography

Arctic circle                          equator
Atlantic Ocean                    Tropic of Capricorn
Indian Ocean                       Line of longitude
Pacific Ocean                       Tropic of Cancer
Prime Meridian                   Line of Latitude
Mediterranean Sea             Antarctic Circle

Word Association

Jacket, spine, title, chapter                      – book
matron, ward, surgeon, theater             – hospital
vault, deposit, counter, cash                   – bank
receiver, dial, code, exchange                 – telephone
javelin, relay, shot, hurdle                        – athletics
ribs, neck, string, bow                               – violin
clubs, shuffle, pack, deal                           – cards
aisle, sermon, pew, tower                         – church
square, root, divide, fraction                     – mathematics
shelf, reference, book, lend                       – library
trunk, bark, branch, rings                           – tree
pupil, iris, lash, glasses                                – eye
depression, front, outlook, forecast         – weather
column, circulation, leader, article            – newspaper
pump, saddle, crossbar, spoke                  – bicycle
frame, canvas, signature, landscape        – painting
aerial, tube, volume, channel                    – television
horn, udder, graze, milk                             – cow
crime, bench, magistrate, case                 – court
stern, rails, funnel, deck                             – ship

Phrasal Verb

back (someone) up                let (someone) down
keep up with                           hold down
give up                                     do up
look down on                         go round
take on                                    hold on
go through                             go around with
break up                                 turn in
take in

British and American English

American English                British English

eraser                                              rubber
antenna                                          aerial
band aid                                         elastoplast
check                                              bill
bathrobe                                        dressing gown
cookie                                             biscuit
bureau                                            chest a drawer
janitor                                             caretaker
closet (for hanging clothes)         wardrobe
drapes                                             curtains
freeway                                           motorway
truck                                                lorry
kerosene                                         paraffin
diaper                                              nappy
vest                                                  waistcoat

Preposition after Verbs 1

No. 1 – 5

1. The headmaster accused the boy of stealing.
2. I must apologize for not replying sooner, but I’m afraid I’ve been rather busy lately.
3. My parents don’t approve of smoking.
4. Do you believe in God?
5. I look forward to seeing you again.

No. 6 – 10

6. Now then, John, remember that I’m relying on you to see that there’s no trouble at the party on Saturday.
7. I get very annoyed with people who don’t queue at bus stops.
8. The piece of paper burst into flames.
9. The only way to cure someone of biting their nails is to knock their teeth out.
10. One person I always laugh at when I see him on television is Dave Allen.

No. 11 – 15

11. I think my girlfriend is getting tires of me.
12. Who is responsible for spilling ink over my book?
13. can you think of a synonym for ‘stubborn’?
14. My wife is always complaining about her boss.
15. My brother once confided in me the fact that he was in love with someone thirty years older than himself.

No. 16 – 20

16. It amazes me how some women can cope with both a job and a family.
17. There can’t be many people in the world who have never heard of the Beatles.
18. I object to the way some people look down on you just because you happen to be a foreigner.
19. The man was arrested and charged with murder.
20. Although I’ve tried many times, I’ve never once succeeded in giving up smoking for more than a few days.

The Importance of Vocabulary

Language students need to learn the lexis of the language. They need to learn what words mean and how to use them. Whist this obviously involves giving them the names for things. For example, table, chair, bag, etc. It also involves showing them how they stress words and twist them. For example ‘to table a motion’, ‘to chair a meeting’.

Clearly some words are more likely suitable for lower levels than others and some uses of words may be more sophisticated than others. Therefore, more appropriate for advanced students. We should ensure that students are aware of the vocabulary they need for their level and that they can use the words which they want to use.

Vocabulary in Context

There is a way looking at vocabulary learning which suggests that students should go home every evening and learn a list of fifty words by heart. Such a practice may have beneficial results, of course, but it avoids one of the central features of vocabulary use, namely that words occur in context. If students really learn what words mean and how they use them, together with other words.

Words do not just exist on their own. They live with other words and they depend upon each other. Students need to be aware of this. That is why, once again, reading and listening will play such a part in the acquisition of vocabulary.

When students learn words in context they are far more likely to remember them than they learn them as single items. And even if these were not true, they would at least get a much better picture of what the words mean.

Another principal to select vocabulary is that of coverage. A word is more useful if it covers more things than if it only has very specific meaning – so the arguments goes. In order to know which are the most frequent words we can read or listen to a lot of English and list the words, showing which ones are used.

May this writing is useful for the reader to enrich the vocabulary especially for language students.

 

 

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